Gum Recession is the exposure of the roots of teeth caused by a loss of gum tissue and/or retraction of the gingival margin from the crown of the teeth. Gum recession is a common problem in adults over the age of 40, but signs may begin to develop as early as the teenage years.
A build-up of plaque or tartar can cause the gum to recede down the tooth and can even destroy the bony support of the tooth. Pockets can form in the gum around the tooth, making the area difficult to keep clean and the problem worse. If you notice your teeth becoming more sensitive, it may be time for a check-up.
Early stage periodontal disease is not often painful and the signs are relatively minor. However, left untreated, the early symptoms can progress and develop into periodontitis. Early stages of gum disease can be seen with minor symptoms like tender gums that include:
- Red, swollen, or purple gums
- Gums that feel tender when touched
- Bleeding gums
- Persistent breath odor or a foul taste
When gums recede because of periodontal disease, the teeth have the appearance of being much longer than normal. Not only is this condition a cosmetic concern but it can also affect the good health of your teeth and gums. The end results of this condition can be gum irritation, sensitivity to the surface of the root, bone loss, root caries or even loss of one or more teeth.
Exposed roots can be extremely sensitive and uncomfortable. They can be a sign of periodontal disease or can be attributed to brushing too aggressively with hard toothbrushes. Only soft or extra-soft bristles should be used when brushing your gums and it’s important to be gentle while doing so.
Loose teeth are caused by the presence of bacteria and periodontal disease under the gums around the teeth. As the disease worsens, the gum pockets deepen due to loss of attachment structure. The bacteria from gingivitis and gum disease cause the body to destroy bone and gum tissue around the teeth, which are meant to hold the teeth in place.
Gum disease can be very serious. As plaque and bacteria invade the area around the teeth, it destroys the attachment between the teeth and the surrounding support structures. Once gum disease becomes active and remains untreated, teeth become mobile. If mobility is severe enough it ultimately results in loss of teeth.
Contact us for more information regarding receding gums and gum grafting.